Sunday, January 23, 2011

Designs In Indian Sarees

The designs of Indian Sarees have a wide range of variety as different state has their own style and cultural background. Depending on these, the fabric of saree is highly structured and their design vocabularies are constructed in a very sophisticated way.

Designs of Indian sarees are divided into three that are the longitudinal borders; the end piece; and the field. Estimating the social status, regional identity and community of a women, the designs and the patterns of a saree is constructed for certain colors and motifs are region and community specific. Its size and elaboration are the indication of a family's wealth because added ornamentation takes more weaving time, and so adds to the saree's cost. Motifs in Indian sarees have often been derived from temple architectures, sculpture, painting and literature.

Borders usully extend the full length of the saree either as a woven design created by contrasting supplementary warp or- weft weaving through the wrap threads being a different color to the wrap making the field or by printing or embroidery. Most of the regions, and even town and villages, have their own traditional distinctive borders. In some states like west Bengal, weavers are specialised in specific designs. Even though the width of borders tends to follow the present fashion rather than tradition, the regional origins of many border designs can still be recognized for their exclusivity. The well ornamented and costly sarees have larger and more elaborate end-pieces or pallu in comparison to the less costly ones. The sarees are created keeping in mind the draping styles and the occasional usage. The saree's field is also embellished according to regional rules. In many part of India the saree's field are decorated with woven designs, embroidery or printing for the purpose of wedding ceremony. Following the tradition, artisans of some states make the field of the saree unadorned.

The designs of Indian sarees have now taken a new form as the artisans create a fusion of tradition and modern trend. This amalgamation has made the sarees achieve a height of appreciation in the modern market.


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