Friday, February 4, 2011

Silk Textile of India

The silk tradition is one of the oldest in India and sericulture is a labour concentrated industry. it demands nurturing of silkworms, which are exceedingly ravenous. Silk is said to be the Queen of Textiles and it has the charm that can hexes the elegance, luxury, comfort and class. As per the history, silk was introduced before 4,500 years and India is said to be the second largest producer of silk in the world. A pound of worms exhaust a tonnes of mulberry leaves in a year.

By its natural sheen and luster, silk creates a spell in terms of grandeur and ethnicity. It has been maintaining its own qualitative mark in the Indian market despite of strict and daunting competition in the local market. The uniqueness of silk sarees lie in its traditional appeal combined with the light weight, dye in vibrant colors sometimes represent a blend of modern and traditional outlook.

The production of silk is considered to be one of the major means of developing the economic status and foreign exchange of a country. Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Assam, West Bengal, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh are the states producing unprocessed silk. Among these states, West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Jammu & Kashmir are reckoned for producing mulberry silk and Chattisgarh, Orissa, Jharkhand, and north-eastern states are well recognized for producing non-mulberry silks. In 1980-81 production of silk was 5,000 tonnes. As japan has pulled away from this industry, India stands a very good chance to fill in the breach. The country would need 30,000 tonnes in near future. India brought in almost 250 crore rupees worth of foreign exchange through export of silk items. China however, continues to top the world in production of silk and its exports. Silk is categorized in four main types namely Tussar silks, Eri, Mulberry and Muga hat are distinguished for the different species of silkworms from which the silks are derived.

The excellence in silk sarees of India evidences the expertise of the adept artisans and weavers of regions of India. The designs, the weaving technique, the use of colors that suit each and every and design of silk sarees manifest the superiority of silks in India. Among the very popular silk sarees the names of Jamdani, Jamvar, Patola sarees, Navarangi, Paithani sarees, Amru silk, Kosa silk, Chanderi, Maheshwari silk, Sambalpuri sarees, Bomkai sarees, Baluchari sarees, Ikat silk. Apart from these sarees, South India has been recognized for heavy silk sarees namely Kanjeevaram sarees, Kancheepuram silks, Dharmavaram etc are sought after by people of not only that particular region but also the entire India and abroad as well.


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